Volleyball defeats Saint Louis after hard battle

Cali Arenson | Staff

Volleyball picked up their fourth straight A-10 win against Saint Louis.
In the first set, Saint Louis jumped out to an early lead, but La Salle fought back and went on a 9-0 run.
The Explorers would add on to their lead and at one point were up 23-7.
Elizabeth Osborn added on to the lead with a kill at the end of the set to win 25-11.
The Explorers pulled ahead towards the end of the match by two. They held onto their lead and won the set 28-26.
The third set saw 17 ties and neither team led by more than three points.
The Billikens got ahead and scored three points to claim the set 27-25.
La Salle bounced back in the fourth set and got an early 13-7 lead.
Saint Louis fought back to cut the lead down, but the Explorers held them off and won 25-21.
Samantha Graver had a big night, recording 22 digs which is a season high for the sophomore.
Jensen Sharrits also had an impressive outing with 25 digs which led the match. The senior still leads the Atlantic 10 conference in digs with 375 and in digs/sets with 5.77.
Kathryn Wood was another key player who had 49 assists which helped her stay at the top of the Atlantic 10 in assists/sets with 11.28.
After a strong win, the Explorers snapped their four game winning streak after being swept by Dayton.
From the start, the Explorers struggled against Dayton’s outside hitter, Lauren Bruns. She quickly got her team going and was able to lead Dayton to a 25-14 win.
La Salle got their momentum back in the second set and went on a four-point run to get back in the game.
Madison Kuch had six kills in that set which made the score 22-17.
La Salle would add another two points to the board, but it was not enough and the Explorers lost 25-19.
The Explorers fought hard in the third set especially Madison Kuch.
Kuch was dominating the court and helped her team inch closer to Dayton.
La Salle eventually caught up to Dayton and brought the score to 23-19.
Dayton would add another two points which gave them a 25-21 lead and a win.
The Explorers were hit hard by Dayton and were out-killed by a margin of 48 to 27.
Even thought it was a tough game overall for the team, Madison Kuch had an outstanding outing with 10 kills.
La Salle is now 11-8 on the season and 4-2 in conference play.
The Explorers will hit the road and will look to bounce back against Duquesne on Friday, October 12th at 7:00P.M.
This season the Explorers are 4-4 when they are on the road, while, Duquesne hold an overall record of 7-11 and is 3-3 when they are home.
Last season the Explorers took on Duquesne twice and lost both matches.

Soccer dominates in back-to-back wins

Steven Silvestro | Staff

The women’s soccer team bounced back from a three-game losing streak with two Atlantic-10 wins this weekend over St. Bonaventure, 3-0, and Rhode Island, 4-1, to put themselves back on track to take the eight seed into the A-10 championship.
The Bonnies traveled to McCarthy Stadium in poor condition as they remain winless on the season, while the Explorers were on the outside looking in for the playoff race.
Both offenses were on fire to start the game out with both teams getting a shot off within the first minute. The teams continued trading shots back and forth with the Explorers only out shooting the Bonnies five to four at the 20th minute.
Sophomore Molly O’Brien broke open the game in the 32nd minute when she connected on a cross from redshirt senior Madison Bower off a deflection by junior Jess Shanahan. This was O’Brien’s fourth goal on the season and certainly not her last of the weekend.
O’Brien and Bower switched roles only four minutes later when O’Brien fed Bower in the box for her seventh goal on the season to give La Salle a 2-0 lead over the Bonnies. Shanahan tried to get one for herself later in the half but a great save from Bonnies Junior Goalkeeper Lauren Malcolm kept the game 2-0 at halftime.
In the second half, O’Brien and Shanahan connection remained strong as Shanahan found O’Brien in the box. O’Brien buried that shot in the bottom right corner for her second goal and fifth point in the game to give the Explorers a 3-0 lead. This was Shanahan’s second assist in the game and sixth on the season.
The Explorers would maintain the lead by limiting the Bonnies offense to only 4 shots in the final half and win 3-0.
La Salle remained comfortable at home as Rhode Island traveled down searching for their first win on the season.
The Rams would allow one quick shot by the Explorers early, before they took over shooting three unanswered shots and forcing two corner kicks in the first 12 minutes. The Explorers would bounce back trading shots with each other.
The Explorers would then take over the game, just firing shots at the Rams from all around while the Rams had no response.
In the 32nd minute, O’Brien placed a beautiful pass to Bower in the box. Bower would one time the ball right passed the keeper for her eighth goal of the season giving the Explorers a 1-0 lead.
Similar to last game, four minutes later, O’Brien and Bower flipped roles as O’Brien would tap in a cross from Bower to give La Salle a 2-0 lead.
O’Brien did not stop there with her second goal of the day in the 43rd minute coming of a tap in on a pass into the box from redshirt senior Julia Rufe. This was O’Brien’s seventh goal on the year, all coming in the last seven games. Explorers would hold the 3-0 lead at halftime.
La Salle would keep up the pressure on URI leading to their fourth goal from Shanahan from outside the box in the 57th minute.
Explorers would lighten up a little which allowed the Rams to jump and score when junior Jaileen Goncalves took a deflection off an Explorer’s back and found the back of the nets, getting rid of the goose egg on the scoreboard before the end of the game giving the Explorer’s a 4-1 win.
O’Brien’s four goals and two assists last week earned her the A-10 Offensive Player of the Week.
The Explorers moved into eighth place in the conference which just enough to make the playoffs. With four games left, the Explorers will need to keep this momentum, especially against the team on their heels, Dayton, in Ohio on Thursday and against Fordham, who are undefeated in the A-10 on Sunday.

Mowrey leads the way for tennis team at Fordham Invitational

Emilee Desmond | Editor

The men’s tennis team took on the Fordham Invitational this weekend and senior Francesco Mowrey earned the Flight “A” Singles Title.
Mowrey recorded three straight victories to post his first championship victory of his career and to sweep the field of the Invitational.
His first match up was against Fairleigh Dickinson’s Moric Budinszky. He recorded a 6-4 win in the first set and scored six straight in the second to earn the 6-0 win.
Mowrey then moved on to the semi finals where he faced Fordham’s Max Green.
Again, the senior found himself with back to back set wins of 6-4 and 6-1 to advance to the final matchup.
FDU’s Medhi Dhouib advanced to the final match up after a victory against La Salle sophomore Rogelio Gonzalez in the semi final. Dhouib took the victory after a 6-2 and 6-2 set wins.
Mowrey defeated Dhouib in the final of the Invitational by a 6-3 and 2-0 set margin.
Gonzalez earned 6-1, 4-6, and 1-0 set wins during the opening round against Concordia’s Eymeric Chevalier.
The top doubles draw ended with Mowrey and Gonzalez picking up a 6-2 win over a Concordia team. However, the pair would fall to FDU in the following round.
Also representing the Blue and Gold was junior Patrick Pascual who suffered a three-set loss in the opening round.
Pascual competed in the Flight “B” singles draw and fell in 6-3, 4-6, 1-0 to Fabian Hansch Mauritzson.
The junior however did pick up a win over Concordia’s Henry Masters 6-4, 1-6, and 1-0.
Beginning on October 11, La Salle will travel to Princeton, N.J. to compete in the ITA Regionals.

Men’s soccer falls to St. Louis on the road

Tyler Small | Staff

The men’s soccer team traveled to inner-city rival St. Joseph’s for a highly anticipated A-10 match up. The Explorers have struggled as of late and hoped the extra intensity of this game would inspire them to break their losing streak.
In what began as a back and forth affair, the Hawks were the first to open the scoring. In the 30th minute, Alvin Dahn gave his team a 1-0 lead off an assist from Ritchie Barry. In the second half, the Explorers came back to tie it up on the road.
In the 55th minute, Soji Olatoye picked up his third goal of the year, as Ike Hollinger and Mike Liska assisted the score. Olatoye did not take long to strike once again. In the 63rd minute, he picked up his second goal of the game, giving him his first career multi-goal game. For the first time in their rough span of games, the Explorers held the lead.
This only lasted for 33 seconds, as St. Joseph’s Derek Mackinnon tied the game on a header. Nobody scored for the remainder of regulated time, so the game would head to overtime.
The Explorers continued to push against the talented Hawks team. The Blue and Gold generated three shots and two corners but could not find the back of the net. The game concluded in a tie, their first of the season. This was an intense, back and forth event, that gave them confidence for their next game against the St. Louis Billikens.
Although the tie for the Explorers was big, they were still looking for their first conference victory, along with their first regular season victory since September 1. These Explorers came out hungry for a victory, as their first half performance showed.
In the 10th minute, freshman Sam Decencio got the game started by finishing off a close-range opportunity for his first career goal. They held this lead until St. Louis’ John Klein tied it up with a strike from 15 yards, evening the score 1-1. The La Salle offense would not tolerate this tie, as in the 23rd minute Fridtjof Andberg found the scoring column by heading in a corner kick from Mike Liska. Andberg had a big game against the Billikens, with both a goal and assist in the first half.
The second half would not be as satisfying for the Explorers, as the Billikens would put up three unanswered goals. In the 69th minute, John Klein finished a corner kick with a header to tie the game. Then, two goals came in the final 10 minutes of the game, as the game concluded as a 4-2 loss for the Explorers.
Although these two games updated their record to 2-8-1, their most recent contests have shown recent improvements. Their mistakes have been limited, as their offense has come alive once again. They will look to break their winning drought as they host the George Mason Patriots at McCarthy Stadium, in a must-win A-10 match up.

Men’s basketball assistant coach accused of bribery at former school

Helen Starrs | Editor

Assistant men’s basketball coach Kenny Johnson was accused of bribing a Louisville recruit with money for rent, which was part of a larger scandal involving several top NCAA basketball programs including Kansas, Louisville, and Miami.
Brian Bowen Sr., the father of the recruit, testified on Tuesday that he met with Johnson twice in 2017 and received approximately $1,300 from the coach. The money was intended to be used as rent after the Bowen family relocated to Louisville to help manage their son’s career.
The investigation alleged that Louisville offered the Bowen family over $100,000 for their son, Brian Jr., to play for the Cardinals.
The defendants in the trial that Bowen, Sr. testified in are Christian Dawkins, who served as a middleman between schools and potential recruits, and two Adidas executives who allegedly conspired to influence high profile recruits to sign with schools sponsored by Adidas. They are being tried as a part of a larger FBI investigation on bribery in the NCAA.
Prior to coming to La Salle, Johnson served as an assistant coach at Louisville under Rick Pitino who was fired following an investigation into the scandal.
Johnson was with Louisville for three seasons but was dismissed after being placed on leave during the investigation. He was hired by La Salle in May 2018 in a series of new coaching hires.
Ashley Howard spoke highly of Johnson upon his hiring saying, “Based on my personal relationship with Kenny, I know him to be an individual of the highest integrity, character, intelligence and experience in developing young men as players and people.”
Brian Bowen Jr., a top-level recruit from La Porte, Indiana, denied any knowledge of the allegations. His father reiterated in his testimony on Tuesday saying, “I didn’t want him to get involved in something that was wrong … and I definitely didn’t want my son to lose his eligibility.”
Bowen Jr. committed to Louisville in June 2017 but was suspended due to the pending investigation. After a year at Louisville, he transferred to the University of South Carolina.
While awaiting his fate, the younger Bowen declared for the 2018 NBA draft. However, he did not sign with an agent to preserve his NCAA eligibility. The NCAA ruled him ineligible to play for the Gamecocks in May 2018. He withdrew from the draft and is currently playing in Australia with the Sydney Kings. It is unknown if he will declare for the draft again next year.
In a statement to the Collegian, the University said, “La Salle is aware of the recent reports involving Kenny Johnson and is monitoring the situation. We have no further comment at this time.” The Athletic Department declined to comment on the matter.

New York Times’ articles expose Trump family’s tax evasion, fraud

Selena Bemak | Editor

This past Tuesday, the New York Times published a 13,000 word investigative report into Donald Trump’s financial history, which has revealed that Trump took approximately $413 million from his father, Fred Trump. This revelation directly contradicts Trump’s claims that he is a “self-made billionaire.”
The exposé revealed that the Trumps evaded paying taxes on the transfers of these funds and even committed fraud. According to the Times, the duo evaded inheritance and gift taxes by creating a fraudulent account for a fake corporation, named All County Building Supply and Maintenance. The sham company, created in 1992, was used to transfer millions of dollars from Fred Trump to his children.
The Times, who based their report on over 100,000 documents, including Trump’s tax forms, also reported that Trump’s parents transferred over $1 billion to their children, which the Times estimated would generate $550 million in gift and inheritance taxes, based on the 55 percent tax rate at the time. However, they paid approximately five percent, which is about $52.2 million.
The report also alleges that Trump was receiving the equivalent of $200,000 in today’s dollar by the age of three and that he became a millionaire by the time he was eight.
The New York State Tax Department announced that it is looking into the allegation made by the Times in the investigative report.
The White House responded to the allegations this week by issuing a statement that claims the report is “misleading attack against the Trump family by the failing New York Times.” They criticized the news media further, stating that “they are consumed with attacking the president and his family 24/7 instead of reporting the news.”
In response to the article, Trump tweeted on Wednesday, “The Failing New York Times did something I have never seen done before. They used the concept “time value of money” in doing a very old, boring and often told hit piece on me. Added up, this means that 97% of their stories on me are bad. Never recovered from bad election call!”
The president’s brother, Robert Trump, responded to the article by stating, “All appropriate gift and estate tax returns were filed, and the required taxes were paid.”
One of Trump’s lawyers, Charles J. Harder, issued a statement on the matter, claiming that “there was no fraud or tax evasion by anyone. The facts upon which The Times bases its false allegations are extremely inaccurate.”
“President Trump had virtually no involvement whatsoever with these matters,” according to the statement. “The affairs were handled by other Trump family members who were not experts themselves and therefore relied entirely upon the aforementioned licensed professionals to ensure full compliance with the law.”

California set net neutrality laws; opposes Trump administration

Radley Faulknor | Staff

On Sunday California signed into law its set of net neutrality rules, a set of legislation more protective than the previous rules enforced under Obama. Under the Obama administration’s enforcement of net neutrality, internet service providers, such as Comcast and Verizon were mandated to provide equal internet speed without favoring or blocking particular products or websites. The recent California legislation seeks to take this policy a step further by also outlawing so-called zero-rating offers, which allow internet carriers to weaken internet service, in return for zero data costs. The legislation, due to take effect on January 1, 2019, will be the best strictest set of net neutrality protections ever in the history of the U.S.
However, the Justice Department has quickly responded, declaring the bill as unconstitutional. Attorney General Jeff sessions was highly critical of legislation, viewing it as an attempted subversion of the federal government. “States do not regulate interstate commerce — the federal government does,” said Sessions. “Once again the California legislature has enacted an extreme and illegal state law attempting to frustrate federal policy.”
Ajit Pai, chairman of the FCC, also had some words, stating “The broader problem is that California’s micromanagement poses a risk to the rest of the country. After all, broadband is an interstate service; Internet traffic doesn’t recognize state lines. It follows that only the federal government can set regulatory policy in this area. For if individual states like California regulate the Internet, this will directly impact citizens in other states.
California’s legislation may seem unnecessarily radical, however the state is merely taking the steps to ensure accessible internet service. In August 2018 it was revealed that Verizon throttled, or slowed the internet connection of the Santa Clara County Central Fire Department’s data service during the Mendocino Complex Fire, the largest in California history. From December 2017, to July 2018, the FPD battled with Verizon, begging them to stop slowing their internet connection, warning the company of the potential harm to others that could result during emergencies and disasters. It wasn’t until the Santa Clara FPD agreed to pay fines-more than double their previous bill-that Verizon ended the throttling and sped up their internet connection.
Verizon’s declared the episode a customer service mistake, declaring “the situation has nothing to do with net neutrality or the current proceeding in court.” However, Ash Kalra, member of the California State Assembly, begged to differ, stating “This company’s throttling has everything to do with net neutrality. It shows that the ISP’s will act in their economic interest even at the expense of public safety.”
With the signing of its net neutrality bill, which defies federal regulations, California has inadvertently, started a war between the state and national government. Net neutrality has shown that it can be a very divisive issue, and with growing tensions, it would be to no surprise if the issue lands a case in the Supreme Court.

Editorial: Core concerns over new curriculum

This semester marks the implementation of the University’s new Core curriculum — a much touted part of their five-year strategic plan, Momentum 2022. The change in curriculum moves away from the previously required Core of two history classes, two philosophy classes, two religion classes. Instead, incoming students are required to take courses in accordance with the La Salle’s Institutional Learning Outcomes (ILOs) and a first-year academic seminar. These ILOs are skill-oriented and, according to the University, their purpose is to guide students to four commitments by the time they graduate: Broader Identity, Expanded Literacies, Effective Expression, and Active Responsibility. All 12 ILOs are connected to one or more of these commitments through various means. Students are still required to take two English courses, scientific and quantitative reasoning courses and a religion course, in addition to fulfilling the requirements set forth through the ILOs.
While the implementation of a new Core may allow for more flexibility in students’ interests, it appears as though this is the latest step in the University straying from its liberal arts foundation. The Collegian believes that the change in curriculum, in conjunction with program prioritization that has plagued the University over the past few years, is detracting from a true liberal arts education that provides students with invaluable critical thinking, reading, writing and other soft skills that are necessary in almost every field.
The newest generation of La Salle students will be able to side-step an education that fosters the liberal arts by opting out of crucial classes, such as history and philosophy, which serve as a foundation for various upper level courses across multiple disciplines both through the skills they teach and the content they supply. While students could still take these classes, freshmen students may not find such academic classes as appealing, despite the integral role they could play in their education. In addition to developing critical thinking and writing skills, courses such as these typically cover content that serves as the basis for other concepts, such as Marx’s “The Communist Manifesto,” Machiavelli’s “The Prince” or Augustine’s “Confessions.” Students, through their own uniformed choices, may miss out on gaining essential background knowledge from the content of these courses – content they will need to perform well in courses they take later in their collegiate career.
The new Core does provide opportunities for students to take courses in financial literacy, technological competency and other useful skills guided by ILOs that will prepare students for life after La Salle by focusing on demonstrable skills. This changed curriculum also provides the opportunity for freshman to explore different fields they may not have considered previously. The new Core requires students to take fewer classes than before — though the number of classes needed to graduate is the same. This creates more space in students’ schedules to take on a double major or minor in addition to their primary area of study. The interest-driven nature of the Core provides opportunities for students to discover areas of study they would not otherwise have considered before. The University is also owed credit in their implementation of the Core, which they have poured resources into in order to make the inherently complex transition easier for faculty.
While the Collegian does commend the University for their efforts in easing into the new Core, we are also wary of the danger it poses to the essential liberal arts skills that define the education this institution provides and can allow students, through their own choices, to prioritize skills over content that is essential to a college education. It is too soon to tell what direction students will take when selecting their Core classes, but there is the possibility of La Salle straying from the liberal arts in favor of “skill” based courses due to the updated curriculum.

Letters, guest columns and opinion pieces will be considered for publication provided that they meet with the editorial standards of The Collegian and fit the allotted space. All letters must be signed. They can be submitted to nardob1@student.lasalle.edu or abbateb2@student.lasalle.edu. The Collegian reserves the right to condense or edit submissions. Weekly editorials reflect the views of the editorial staff and are not representative of the university or necessarily the views of the rest of the Collegian’s staff. Columns and cartoons reflect the views of the respective writers and artists.

Student reflects on Kavanaugh protests

Gurdeep Singh | Staff

I stood in front of the Capital’s stairs watching people of all ages, with fear and determination in their eyes, demanding that justice be served — demanding Brett Kavanaugh pay for the alleged crimes committed and he not be rewarded with a seat on the Supreme Court. I stood behind the barrier that police placed in front of the large group that rushed toward the Capital to join the first group that had marched. It felt like there were thousands of us. We started shouting “November is coming” over and over again. We cycled through a variety of slogans, all carrying the same meaning — the election in November would bring about change.
I drew energy from the protesters surrounding me. I felt powerful in the groups of women that stood shoulder to shoulder with me. As the crowd gained momentum and our voices got louder, we started to see the police taking action. At first we all stood still, seeing what would take place — waiting to see if this was going to get violent. I felt the fear creeping in again. I didn’t know the people that were on the stairs personally, but I felt scared for them.
Did these people know anyone personally that had been affected by sexual assault? Did that question really matter? Personally, I do not know anyone who has been sexually assaulted. But that doesn’t stop me from feeling angry for the victims.
As I thought about these questions, my voice grew louder. I felt a personal connection to Dr. Christine Ford. I was fighting on her behalf and on behalf of every woman in the country. As the police marched up the steps that were held by these courageous women and men.
The police gave the final warning, the crowd grew angry and so did I. We began shouting, “who do you protect” and, “Arrest sexual predators not protesters.”
I knew that our voice on these stairs would not matter today but 30 days down the road, as the message spread throughout the United States, we could make a change. The hundreds of protesters that were arrested and the thousands that kept on protesting lit a flame in many American hearts. We thanked the protesters with a slogan that I will never forget, “We see you, We love you.” These brave souls were willing to get arrested for this cause. Their impact will speak volumes.
The police had to rent buses to transport all of the fighters to prison. History is written by the future reflecting on the past. Their names will be forever remembered along with the hundreds of others that got arrested over the three days.
I want to end with a quote from the women I sat next to on the train back to Philadelphia. “I was arrested the past three days. The pain I suffered while in my holding cell could not compare to the experiences some women have endured throughout their time on earth.” This was a lady in her late fifties from the suburbs of New Jersey that got a group of her friends to go protest against something they felt strongly about. The stories she shared with me on the three hour journey back to Philadelphia will forever change how I think in life and I have her to thank for that. A strong woman, a leader, a mother, a daughter, a sister but most importantly a human being should have the right to do with her body as she chooses.

Celebrities do not owe you anything, so stop touching them

Brianna Nardo | Editor

In the new age of social media it is easier than ever to connect with your favorite actors, musicians and celebrities. It is easy to feel like you know them personally when you watch their Instagram stories and read their tweets every day — especially since a lot of younger celebrities are in charge of their own social media instead of a media team. The truth is, you do not personally know any of these celebrities. It is not okay to go up to a stranger and hug them without permission, it is not okay to follow them around, or to wait outside their hotel room. It is not okay to take pictures without permission when they clearly want to be left alone.
The mindset that “celebrities sign up for this” when they become famous is absurd. A nine month pregnant Hilary Duff posted a video on September 22 on her Instagram of her politely asking a man to stop following her around. Duff stated he had stalked her the whole morning, even going as far as to go to her son’s soccer game, then sitting in her sister’s driveway to try and get a few photographs. You can hear her practically begging for him to leave her alone. Despite the amount of stress she was under, Duff still remained polite. “You have been following me around all morning. Please just leave me alone for the day, it is the weekend sir.” She was sick with the flu and nine months pregnant. You can hear the man angrily responding back saying, “I have wasted my whole morning and I haven’t gotten any photos,” as if Duff should have just posed for the photos and made it easier for him.
The caption under the video adds “this is every day of every month and it’s simply not ok. If a non ‘celeb’(I’m sorry to use that word) was dealing with this the law would be involved.”
These kinds of stories emerge all the time. A young girl tweeted that she had an unpleasant experience with the cast of “Riverdale” and that they were “disgusting and rude.” This caught the eye of one of the main actors, Lili Reinhart. She claimed that the girl ran up and hugged them without warning.
Reinhart’s tweets read: “You do not have the right to approach STRANGERS and throw your arms around us like you know us. What you did was not cool and inappropriate. Cole’s response to you was ‘do I know you?’ after you rudely invaded our space and got in our faces.” In the past, Reinhart has been very open about her anxiety and depression that makes the social side of being a ‘celebrity’ difficult.
Celebrities do not owe you anything. The only thing they sign up for is to show up to their job on time, remember lines and promote their projects. They do not sign up to be stalked, harassed, groped and belittled. They are people, not novelties or souvenirs. Some celebrities have expressed that they do not mind a fan politely coming up and asking for a photo, but they find unwanted physical contact or stalking to be uncomfortable.
The cast of the Netflix show “Stranger Things” had an issue where grown adults were waiting outside their hotel for them. Actor Finn Wolfhard walked by them in and only greeted them with a simple “Hi.” An angry fan took to Twitter with the video saying “Imagine being 14 and heartless that you can’t even stop for your fans who made you famous in the first place! WOW.” Wolfhard is still a child and his work is exhausting. Having a group of adults waiting for you outside your hotel must be intimidating and it is inappropriate.
It can be even worse for actors playing villainous characters. Lena Heady, who plays Cersei Lannister on “Game of Thrones,” has stated that people have approached her and spit on her because of how they feel about the character she plays.
It should not be a difficult concept to grasp that it is inappropriate to approach another human being and try to force physical contact. Most of the perpetrators are grown adults, not young children who do not know better.
Celebrities get burnt-out and they deserve the same amount of privacy and rest as any other “normal person.” You are not entitled to a photo, a hug or their time.